seasonal fall vegetables and fruit in a basket
seasonal fall vegetables and fruit in a basket

Your Fall Produce Guide

This fall produce guide will help you select the best fruits and vegetables for the table. You’ll find tips for how to pick ripe, flavorful produce, flavor pairings, and relevant recipes so you can benefit from eating seasonally.


bunch of beets
Beets are available year-round and have a sweet taste. Techniques to try include baking, boiling, carpaccio, chips, roasting, souping, and steaming.

How to Select Beets

When choosing beets, look for equal sizes so they cook evenly. Avoid beets that have soft, moist spots or shriveled skin. If the leaves are attached, they should be crisp and dark green.

Top Beets Flavor Pairings

Best Beets Recipes


Available autumn through winter, broccoli’s botanical relatives include Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collard greens, kale, and kohlrabi. To prepare broccoli, try it boiled, deep-fried, sauteed, steamed, or stir-fried.

How to Select Broccoli

Choose broccoli with tight, firm florets and a deep green color. Avoid broccoli with brown or shriveled stems or florets that have flowered or turned yellow.

Top Broccoli Flavor Pairings

Best Broccoli Recipes

Brussels Sprouts

Brussels sprouts
Available autumn through winter, Brussels sprouts are best enjoyed boiled, braised, sauteed, simmered, steamed, stewed, and stir fried. They have a bitter taste and are botanical relatives with broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, collard greens, kale, and kohlrabi.

How to Select Brussels Sprouts

Look for Brussels sprouts that are firm and heavy for their size, with tight leaves. Avoid Brussels sprouts that have turned yellow, a sign of age, or that have black spots, which indicates fungus.

Top Brussels Sprouts Flavor Pairings

Best Brussels Sprouts Recipes


head of cabbage
Cabbage is available autumn through winter and is best enjoyed boiled, braised, raw, sauteed, steamed, and stir-fried.

How to Select Cabbage

Choose heavy heads of cabbage with bright, colorful, and crisp leaves. Avoid cabbage with any cracks or bruises.

Top Cabbage Flavor Pairings

Best Cabbage Recipes


Carrots are particularly cold hardy, available from autumn to spring; they are botanically related to celery, chervil, dill, fennel, parsley, and parsnips. While carrots can be served raw, the best cooking techniques for preparing carrots include boiling, braising, grilling, roasting, sauteing, simmering, steaming, and stir-frying.

How to Select Carrots

Look for firm carrots with bright orange color and smooth skin. Avoid carrots that are limp or black near the stem; they aren’t fresh. Choose medium size carrots that taper at the end as thicker ones may be tough. Generally, early carrots are more tender but less sweet than larger, mature carrots. Clip greens as soon as you get home to avoid moisture loss and store the greens and carrots separately (tip: the greens can be used to make pesto). Store carrots in a perforated bag in a vegetable drawer in the refrigerator.

Top Carrots Flavor Pairings

Best Carrots Recipes


head of cauliflower
Cauliflower is available between autumn and winter. Its taste is somewhat astringent. In the same botanical family as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collard greens, kale and kohlrabi. Cauliflower can be enjoyed raw or cooked. Try it boiled, braised, deep-fried, gratin, pureed, raw, roasted, sauteed, simmered, and steamed.

How to Select cauliflower

Look for tight heads of cauliflower with no gaps about 6 to 12 inches in diameter. Fresh cauliflower will keep up to 1 week in the refrigerator if wrapped and can be stored longer frozen, fermented, or canned.

Top cauliflower Flavor Pairings

Best cauliflower Recipes


Leeks are available from autumn to spring. They have a sweet taste and are botanical relatives to chives, garlic, onions, and shallots. Cooking techniques to try with leeks include boiling, braising, frying, grilling, roasting, and steaming. Leeks are best used in the beginning of the cooking process.

How to Select leeks

Look for leeks that have as much of the edible white and light green parts. Select smaller leeks for the best taste. Avoid leek stalks that are withered or have yellow tops.

Top leeks Flavor Pairings

Best Pears Recipes


bosc pears
Pears are sweet bell-shaped fruits that can be enjoyed crisp or soft. Pears can be divided into 2 broad categories: Asian and European varieties. In season between autumn and winter. Techniques to try with pears include baking, deep-frying (e.g. as chips), grilled, poached, raw, roasted, sauteed, and stewed.

How to Select Pears

Choose firm pears with the stem intact. If the belly of the pear is soft, it is likely over-ripe, but would still be good in smoothies or sauces. Use your thumb to press the neck of the pear, if it yields slightly, it is ripe.

Top Pears Flavor Pairings

Best Pears Recipes


sugar pie pumpkin
Pumpkin is available in autumn and has a sweet taste. It’s best enjoyed baked, braised, grilled, pureed, or roasted.

How to Select pumpkin

Just like watermelons, the best pumpkins have a deep hollow sound when tapped. Place your ear up against the side of the pumpkin and knock on the side; if you hear an echoing hollow sound, it’s a good one.

Top pumpkin Flavor Pairings

Best pumpkin Recipes


Turnips are available year-round and have a sweet taste. Try them boiled, braised, deep-fried, roasted, simmered, or steamed.

How to Select turnip

Choose the small turnips, which will be the youngest, with the sweetest flavor and best texture. They should be firm and heavy for their size without any nicks or cuts.

Top turnip Flavor Pairings

Best turnip Recipes

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